The oldest types of surveys in recorded history are boundary surveys. Records of these surveys date back to about 1400 B.C. The Egyptians first used it to accurately divide land into plots for the purpose of taxation.
The rectangular system of survey of the public lands was inaugurated by a committee appointed by the Continental Congress. On the 7th of May 1784.
- 120 B.C.
- Greeks Developed the science of geometry and were using it for precise land division.
- Greeks developed the first piece of surveying equipment (Diopter)
- Greeks standardized procedures for conduction surveys.
- 1800 A.D.
- The importance of “exact boundaries” and the demand for public improvements (i.e. railroads, canals, roads) brought surveying into a prominent position.
- More accurate instruments were developed.
- Science of Geodetic and Plane surveying were developed.